Lee con atención esta escena de Los Simpsons y observa el uso del Present Perfect Continuous:

Lisa: I was in the library at the time, but Janey told me that Principal Skinner and Bart’s teacher, Mrs. — what’s her name?

Marge: Krabappel?

Lisa: Yeah, Krabappel. They were naked in the closet together.

Marge: [gasps] Oh, my goodness!

Homer: Wait a minuralph wiggumte, Bart’s teacher is named Krabappel? I’ve been calling her Crandall! Why didn’t someone tell me? Oh, I’ve been making an idiot out of myself! [runs out of the room]

Ralph [to his parents]: Mrs. Krabappel and Principal Skinner were in the closet making babies, and I saw one of the babies, and then the baby looked at me.

 

Homer utiliza el PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS porque quiere expresar que, DURANTE MUCHO TIEMPO ha estado llamando a la Sita Krabappel por un nombre incorrecto.

Con el Present Perfect Continuous enfatizamos la duración de la acción, en este caso.

POR TANTO:

Con el PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS designamos acciones que empezaron en el pasado y que finalizaron recientemente o continúan.

Usa como verbo auxiliar el HAVE, acompañado del verbo TO BE en participio (BEEN) Y el verbo principal acabado en -ing.

SUJETO + HAVE/HAS BEEN + -ING

Siguiendo este esquema obtendríamos oraciones como I have been cleaning my bedroom; Has he been cooking dinner?; They haven’t been swimming.

  • Acciones finalizadas recientemente:
    • “You look so dirty and wet” “I have been giving the dog a bath”.
    • “Estás muy sucio y mojado” “He estado limpiando el coche”.
  • Todavía continúan (enfatizamos cuál ha sido la duración):
    • We have been working in the company since 2001.
    • Hemos estado trabajando en la empresa desde 2001.
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